Wednesday, 25 November 2015
These crematorium ovens in the main Auschwitz camp was active from September, 1940 to July, 1943. There were a total of three ovens in operation. Thousands of bodies were incinerated in these ovens. The trolley on wheels were used to shove the bodies inside the crematorium. The current ovens were reconstructed in 1947 by Russians, when the camp was turned into museum.
Saturday, 22 August 2015
Friday, 7 August 2015
Opened on October 7, 1941 as a camp for Soviet POWs by the Nazis, Auschwitz II (Birkenau) later became the largest death factory in history. Spread across 425 acres (2.5 Km x 1.6 Km) with over 300 buildings (including 250 barracks) and inhabiting 200,000 prisoners at its peak, Auschwitz II (Birkenau) in a short span of time (early 1942 to late 1944) took the lives of more than one million Jews through its 6 gas chambers and 4 crematoriums.
It is the main entrance to the largest killing center in the entire Nazi system.The gate house was built in 1943 for the passage of trucks and pedestrians. Railway tracks were laid through the gate only in 1944, when Hungarian Jews were to be massacred. They were brought directly inside the camp and gassed immediately upon arrival. Hungarian Jews suffered the heaviest causality in Auschwitz which amounts to 50% of the Jews that were murdered in Auschwitz. Within a period of 10 weeks in 1944 (15 May and 8 July) 437,402 Jews, were deported to Auschwitz on 147 trains and gassed. The Hungarian prisoners called the entrance to Birkenau as the "Gate of Death."
Thursday, 6 August 2015
The entire camp of Auschwitz II was surrounded by barbed-wire electric fences and 28 watch towers with armed guards.
There were 250 barracks in Auschwitz II and they were modeled after horse stables meant to house 52 horses. Nazis put approximately 800 to 1,000 people in each such barrack and at its peak, up to 200,000 inmates were housed in the Auschwitz II barracks!